Computer security, also known as information security or cybersecurity, is the protection of networks and computer systems from the damage or theft of their information, software, hardware or other electronic data. These days, anyone can have their computer stolen without any sort of trouble, if they are careless enough to let it happen. Hackers and other unscrupulous people have learned the tricks of the trade and are now employing new ways to get at your information and take what they want. Don’t let this happen to you. Protect yourself now by learning about the different types of computer security and what steps to take to keep yourself safe.
Viruses, spyware, malware, and hackers are just some of the types of things that are out there trying to break into your computer systems. The Internet has provided many opportunities for these people, and in fact there are thousands of new viruses being created on a daily basis. While there are plenty of traditional methods for keeping your computer secure, there are also several new methods as well. The following is a brief look at some of the most common types of computer security threats that you may face on a day-to-day basis, and what you can do about them.
One of the most common types of attacks is the so-called “worms” or “viruses.” This is actually an erroneous term, because worms and viruses are not really attacks on your computer that you have to worry about- instead, they are acts of sabotage. Worms and viruses make it possible for a hacker to compromise a network and therefore attack computers that are connected to that network. A “worm” is a piece of software that have the potential to spread rapidly, and once on a computer system it will search for vulnerable or infected files on that system and attach itself to them.
Another common problem for computers running Windows is phishing. This is when an attacker convinces you that you are receiving email when you are not, and that you should not click on any links in that email. For instance, if you received an email that looked like it came from Google, but which had a link that you clicked on, this is phishing. Phishing attacks are very common among phishing scammers who are looking to gain access to information about you and your computer security. In many cases, phishing emails will have a convincing envelope with a scanned certificate that looks like legitimate- however, the link that comes with that document is only available for a short period of time, typically just a few seconds.
Computer security companies are beginning to see more cases of phishing and other types of information security threats, as well. Many companies and organizations are investing in protecting their computer systems from these attacks, as they can cause a lot of damage to a business, particularly in the case of financial or personal data loss. Even if you are not using the internet for making payments, you are still vulnerable to phishing if you store any type of vital information in your computer system or on your laptop. If your company does not keep up with regular updates on its computer systems, it is at risk for becoming a victim of these types of attacks.
The goal of phishing attacks is to trick you into opening the bogus email. They will either use your personal information or credit card information to make purchases for things such as travel tickets, vacations, and even cars. Phishing attacks are a serious threat to businesses and organizations, because they can compromise a company’s whole system, compromising the backup servers and files, as well. To prevent phishing attacks, businesses need to take precautionary measures such as updating their computer systems frequently, and they need to closely monitor their websites. Only purchase things from reputable companies with good security practices.